Understanding Congenital Hip Dysplasia
Congenital hip dysplasia occurs when a child is born with a malformed hip joint. This condition is also known as congenital hip dislocation. More girls than boys are affected by this condition, which is present at birth. To check for congenital hip dysplasia, your pediatrician will perform routine exams. As your child ages, the instability in their hip joint will continue to worsen.
Children with congenital hip dysplasia have an abnormal hip joint that is often too shallow to properly hold the head of the femur. This can cause the femur to pop in and out of the joint or even completely dislocate
There are several causes of congenital hip dysplasia, including:
- Too little space in the womb
- Breech delivery
- Family history
Once this condition is diagnosed, the child will be examined to determine the best course of treatment. In some cases, children will be placed into a brace or harness while their hip continues to develop. In other situations, children may need surgery to correct the problems in their hip joint so that they can continue to develop properly.
Common Symptoms of Congenital Hip Dysplasia
Congenital hip dysplasia has many similar symptoms to adult hip dysplasia. Parents may begin to notice that their toddler is walking with a limp or that their baby’s leg is turning outwards when they are laying down.
Children with congenital hip dysplasia may have a wider-than-usual gap between their legs. They may have uneven folds of skin along their thighs. In some cases, children and babies may have a noticeably shorter leg.
Parents often report that they noticed their child having difficulty sitting, crawling, and walking. Children and babies may also have a limited range of motion in their legs as a result of this condition.
Congenital Hip Dysplasia Treatment Options
Depending on the age of the child and the severity of their hip dysplasia, treatment options can vary.
Many babies are treated with a brace, harness, or cast that is designed to keep their legs in place. This will keep the femur in place while allowing the hip joint to continue developing around it normally.
If your child’s condition has not improved with more conservative treatments, surgery may be necessary. As the child grows, their dysplasia may return even if previous surgeries were successful. This is because the hip joint will continue to grow as the child does, and adjustments may be needed in the future.
Are you or your child experiencing pain and discomfort in your hip?
NYC Hip surgeon Dr. Vigdorchik is here to help you with hip dysplasia. Dr. Vigdorchik has a non-operative priority and uses state-of-the-art surgical techniques. As a result, he has a track record of positive outcomes. You can trust Dr. Vigdorchik to provide you with an accurate diagnosis and quality care.
Schedule an appointment – 212-606-1992
If your child’s congenital hip dysplasia is accompanied by any of the symptoms below, please contact us immediately :
- Chronic pain or swelling in and around the hip joint, groin, and buttocks
- Clicks or pops when moving the hip joint
- Grating sensations accompanying joint movements
- Difficulty sitting, crawling, or walking
- Limited range of motion